Dr Ioannis Manolakis

& colleagues publish paper titled;

'Reducing the raw material usage for room temperature infusible

and polymerisable thermoplastic CFRPs through reuse of recycled

waste matrix material'


Dr Ioannis Manolakis with his colleagues,

Magnus Gebhardt, Atasi Chatterjee, Gerhard Kalinka, Joachim Deubener, Herbert Pfnur, Souvik Chakraborty & Dieter Meiners

 publish their paper in

Science Direct

Composites Part B: Engineering 

Volume 216, 1st July 2021, 108877

In this work, a closed loop recycling process is investigated, which allows polymerised bulk thermoplastic matrix (Elium 150) from production waste (also referred to as recyclate) to be reused as additive in composite manufacturing by vacuum assisted resin infusion (VARI) of virgin Elium 150 monomer.


It is shown that this process can save up to 7.5 wt% of virgin material usage in each processing cycle. At the same time, the thermal stability and stiffness of the composite increases with the proportion of recyclate introduced. Contemporarily, the shear and bending properties have also been observed to improve. Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) showed that the changes observed are due to an increase in molecular weight with the recyclate content. In particular, a correlation between the molecular weight and the shear properties of the composite was discovered using single fibre push-out tests.

To find out more about Dr Ioannis's research see link below: